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銀川雅思考試口語最易得分的17個得分點

2018年04月16日 05:12來源:互聯網作者:銀川管理員

摘要:

大多數考生都知道雅思口語評分有四個維度,但如何根據每個部分做具體的準備呢?本文具體解讀了考官打分時最看重的四個維度,以及包含在維度內的17個得分點,大家可以根據這些要點更有方向性地提高口語能力~

雅思考官通常從以下四個方面來進行評分:
When you go into the speaking test, the examiner grades you in four areas:

FC--Fluency & coherence 流利度與連貫性

GA--Grammar Range & Accuracy 語法準確性與精確性

LR--Lexical Resource 詞匯的豐富度

PR--Pronunciation 語音語調的流暢與清晰度

Now to be honest every examiner knows what the strong and weak areas are for Chinese students. They all know that LR, which we can also call vocabulary is generally their strong point and FC and PR are generally the weaker. That does not mean that all students will have the same problems. The average IELTS score for Chinese students is 5.5.

老實講,雅思考官對于烤鴨的強弱項早就了然于胸了。中國烤鴨們都知道詞匯是他們的強項,但是流利度、連貫性和語音語調卻是他們的軟肋。這并不是說每個學生都有這樣的問題。中國烤鴨的平均雅思成績是5.5.

The profile usually breaks down like this. Examiners called this a “jagged profile” because on a graph it looks like a jagged line。

中國烤鴨們的成績呈鋸齒狀(像下面展示的這樣)??脊賯儼堰@個叫“鋸齒圖式”,因為考鴨們的分數波動呈鋸齒裝。

FC 5 GA 6 PR 5 LR 6

If we take an average of these four scores we can see that is 5.5 score. This means that any strategy you use for passing the IELTS test should concentrate on FC and PR more than GA and LR. I am not saying that you should forget about GA and LR completely, just focus on the typical weak points。

四個分數平均一下就是5.5. 這就意味著如果你想拿到雅思高分,那么你的重心應該更多的放在流利度和連貫性、語音上面,而不是語法和詞匯上面。

In the next few parts I will take a look at each area and discuss how you can increase your scores by looking at what examiners want. On the next page you can see a checklist of basic questions that you can ask yourself during the exam. If you can manage to pay attention to all of these points, then you are going to succeed on the exam。

接下來的幾個部分,我會詳細介紹一下如何準備每個部分,以“取悅”考官,從而拿到高分。在下一頁是你考試時會被重點考察的一個系列的問題。如果你在參加考試時能注意到這些點的話,你距離高分可能就不遠了。

A point that I want to remind you of, is that it is always your weak points that will pull you down, so remember to maintain your strong points, but really focus on your weak points so that everything evens out。

我想提醒烤鴨們,拉低你分數的是你的弱項而非你的強項。所以,記住要不斷強化你的優勢,同時還要重點改善你的弱點,這樣最終才會有好的結果。

雅思考官在乎的17個口語得分點:

以下是雅思口語考試中最重要的得分點,大家可以對照下面的列表自我檢查一下,看看還有哪些不符合:

Fluency & Coherence 流利度與連貫性

a) Can I speak at length on a topic? 

我能否詳盡地就一個話題侃侃而談?

b) Have I organised my ideas logically? 

我的觀點敘述有邏輯嗎?

c) Have I used appropriate linking words? 

我有沒有用到合適、恰當的邏輯連接詞?

d) Do I speak clearly and smoothly? 

我是否講得清晰且平順?

Grammatical Range & Accuracy 語法張度與準確性

a) Have I used a variety of simple, compound and complex sentences?

我是否混合著使用了簡單句、復合句和復雜句?

b) Have I used a range of structures to convey modality, conditionals, active/passive, cause/effect and tenses?

我是否用了不同的結構去傳遞語法的正確形式、條件句、主被動語態、因果句、時態?

c) How well can the assessor understand me even though I have made some errors?

在我偶有錯誤的前提下,考官能多大程度上的理解我所講的話?

Lexical Resource 詞匯的豐富度

a) Are the words and expressions I use appropriate and accurate?

我所使用得詞和習語是否合適并且準確?

b) Do I have a good range of vocabulary to cover the topic?

我所使用得詞頻是否涵蓋足夠廣泛,而非單一只能運用某一個詞匯段?

c) Have I used correct word forms?

我是否正確地使用了單詞的形式?

d) Have I used some idiomatic language?

我是否使用了一些習慣用語?

e) How well can I talk about personal and familiar topics?

我能多優異地談論個人和自己熟悉的話題?

f) How well can I discuss more abstract topics?

我能多優異地討論更抽象的話題?

Pronunciation 語音語調

a) Have I pronounced my words correctly?

我的單詞發音是否正確?

b) How appropriately have I used stress and intonation?

我是否正確重讀了單詞,我們語調如何?

c) How well can the interviewer understand me?

考官能聽懂我嗎?

d) Is my voice strong and clear?

我的聲音是否自信并且清晰?

對雅思口語考生的建議是根據以上的4個維度與17個得分點逐一進行練習。關于英語口語的提高辦法是很多雅思考生特別頭疼的問題。在雅思口語中,光靠題庫很難拿到8以上的高分。所以還得靠平時的積累。那么中國考生在練習口語的時候最大的問題是什么呢?

根據筆者多年的觀察,許多考生學習英語多年卻未曾突破,最大的原因不是方法問題而是態度問題。也就是說,大家一直在找方法,在各種方法之間選擇,最重要的行動卻沒有??忌鷤兛梢韵胂?,我們在學母語的時候有方法嗎?

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