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雅思寫作如何提高作文邏輯

2018年04月13日 02:54來源:互聯網作者:銀川管理員

摘要:

在雅思作文考試中,廣大參加銀川雅思培訓的學生最常犯的錯就是拼命用詞匯量來彌補自己的邏輯差,奢望能夠憑借自己龐大的詞匯和多樣的語法來說服考官,這種在詞匯和語法上用力過猛而忽略作文內在邏輯的做法是非常危險的。

Whybother to learn more about logic and arguments? Does it really matter anddoes it really help anyone? As a matter of fact, yes it does—and there areseveral good reasons to take the time to learn more about both topics.

1.增強論點的有效性Improve the Validity of Your Arguments

Themost immediate and obvious benefit from such a study is that it can allow youto improve the quality of the arguments you use. When you create logicallyunsound(不可靠的) arguments, you are much less likely to convince people that youhave a valid point to make, or get them to agree with you.Evenif they are unfamiliar with logic, many people will realize that there issomething wrong with some fallacious(謬誤的) arguments without being able to identify the fallacy involved.建議考生拿到題目后分要點列大綱,避免出現不能自圓其說的情況,此外,多舉例,避免中式作文的“假大空”。

2.多角度看問題View the Issue from Different Aspects

Asecond and closely related benefit will be an improved ability to evaluate thearguments of others. When you understand how arguments are supposed to beconstructed and also how they should not be constructed, you will find allsorts of bad arguments out there. Although you may not realize it immediately,there are arguments all around us vying for(爭奪) our attention and acceptance. We heararguments that we should buy car A rather than car B. We hear arguments that weshould vote for politician Smith rather than for politician Jones. We heararguments that we should adopt this social policy rather than that socialpolicy. You have to be able to write down how you evaluate those arguments. Ifyou can demonstrate that an argument is sound and valid, not only do you havereason to accept it, but you can also defend this acceptance.建議考生多角度看問題,不管你從哪個角度入手分析,都盡量不要完全100%否定與你相反的觀點,高分作文更像是在arguing and persuading。

3.一舉兩得Improve Your Writing As Well As Your Speaking

Afurther benefit will also hopefully be an ability to communicate more clearlyand effectively. Muddled(混亂的) writing tends to come from muddled thinking, and that in turntends to come from a poor understanding of what a person is trying to convey(表達) and why. But when you know how an argument should and should notbe presented, it will be easier to un-muddle those ideas and reform them into astronger pattern.It is important to remember that clear,logical writing is only something that will come with practice. The more youread and the more you write, the better you will get - this isn't a skill thatyou can acquire passively.寫作邏輯性的提高也可以順帶為口語加分,口語考試時間雖短,邏輯性也是很重要的。

4.熟能生巧Practice Makes Perfect

Byreading and participating, you will have the opportunity to learn quite a lot. Skepticalinquiry about all topics requires an ability to use logic and argumentationeffectively. Not all of the writing is of the highest caliber(水準) in the beginning, ofcourse, and not all of the topics are easy to write. But over time, you willsee some very good argumentation on a wide variety of topics. Even some of thebest writers readily acknowledge that their efforts in practice have improvedtheir abilities to think and write on certain issues.

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